Female Contraception: Overview of the Birth Control Patches

Contraceptives patches can be described as patches stick to the skin of women and release hormones into their bloodstream. These patches possess 3 layers: the protective outer layer made from polyester, the adhesive layer that is medicated and finally the protective liner that needs to be removed before using the patch.

Contraceptive patches are generally applied on the woman’s upper torso (make sure they are not applied on the breasts), outer part of upper arm, abdomen or buttocks. Every patch lasts for 7 days, after which you will need to change it. The two hormone released by these patches are progesterone and estrogen. The hormones penetrate the skin and reach the user’s bloodstream. Like combined birth controlled pills, the contraceptive patches also work by preventing release of egg from the ovaries. The patches make the mucus that surrounds the cervix much thicker, as a result of which the sperm fails to enter the womb. On using the patch, the womb’s lining also becomes thinner which stops it from accepting the fertilized egg.

Every woman are not allowed to use these birth control patches. If you want to know whether you can use this method of contraception, you must consult a gynecologist. The doctor will ask you about your medical history and the family history of diseases. You will be allowed to use the patch only if the doctor feels that the patch will not harm your health. Statistics show that if used in the manner directed by the physician, the patch is a 99% effective method of contraception.

Other than preventing pregnancy, the patch is also extremely effective in regularizing menstrual cycle of the women using it. It makes menstruation less painful. Some medical studies have shown that using birth control patches reduces the risk of developing cancer in the colon, womb and ovary.

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